Stephen Ruth Publications

Books and Manuals

S. Ruth. One Year Trip Through the Bible–Readings and Reflections:A Layman’s Fresh Perspective on the Complete Old and New Testaments (Portland, Oregon, Bookbaby, 2012).

S. Ruth Internet Toolbook for Task Managers, Washington, DC, World Bank, 1996.

C. Mann and S. Ruth, editors, Expert Systems in Development; Practice and Promise, Boulder, Colorado, Westview Press, 1992.

S. Ruth and K. Boyake, Informatics and Information Technology, New York, United Nations Development Programme, 1989

C. Sprague and S. Ruth, Building Expert Systems with EXSYS, Santa Cruz, California, Mitchell-Mc Graw Hill, 1988

C. Ruth and S. Ruth, Building Expert Systems with 1ST CLASS, Santa Cruz, California, Mitchell-Mc Graw Hill, 1988

S. Ruth and C. Mann, editors, Microcomputers in Public Policy : Applications for Developing Countries, Boulder, Colorado, Westview Press, 1987.

Journal Articles, Proceedings, Book Chapters, etc.

Ruth, S. and SosorburamT. (2022). Digital Tablets in Prisons and Jails—Is There Evidence That They Can Help To Reduce Recidivism?” Proceedings of the INTED Conference, Valencia, Spain March 2022 

Ruth, S. and SosorburamT. (2021).  “Online Learning Solutions in Jails and Prisons—Could a GED e-Learning Paradigm Succeed?  Edulearn Conference, Barcelona,, August 2021

Ruth, S. and SosorburamT. (2021).  “The Digital Chasm for Disadvantaged Students in Postsecondary Education—Bandwidth Is Only Part of the Problem” Proceedings of the INTED Conference  March 2021

Ruth, S. and Lin, Z. (2020) “The strategic paradox of online learning: administrators and students approve–faculty not so sureProceedings of the INTED Conference, Valencia, Spain, 2020

Ruth, S. and Yi, J. “Businesses are rapidly adopting MOOCs –universities aren’t-what can be done?,” Proceedings of INTED Conference, Valencia, Spain, March 2019.

Ruth, S. (2018). “Faculty opposition to online learning: Challenges and opportunitiesInternational Journal of Technology in Teaching and Learning, 14 (1), 12-23.

Ruth, S. “Full-time Professors Dislike Distance Learning—What Can Be Done?” Proceedings of 2018 PICMET Conference August 2018.

Ruth, S. “Online evaluations of online courses: another obstacle to involving full-time faculty in distance learning?Proceedings INTED Conference, March 2018.

Ruth, S., “Future Problems of the Sharing Economy – Five Potential Challenges to Growth and ProgressProceedings of PICMET Conference, July 2017.

Ruth, S., “What to do against the nightmare scenario” Fairfax Connection newspapers, October 19, 2017.

Ruth, S., “Four Serious E Learning Problems That Will Not Go Away-Cost Is Only One of ThemProcedings of the EDULEARN Conference, Barcelona, July, 2017.

Ruth, S. R., Can MOOCs Help Reduce College Tuition?: MOOCs and technology to advance learning and learning research ACM Ubiquity

Ruth, S., Pun, M and Stone, S. “Nepal Wireless Revisited-a paradigm to explain why global growth is now led by developing nations.” Information Technology in Developing Countries–International Federation for Information Processing (IFIP) 23 (4), February 2013.

Ruth, S., and S. Stone (2012) “Hactivism–A Legislator’s Dilemma. IEEE Internet Computing 16 (6), (November -December 2012).

Ruth, S. (2012). “Can MOOC’s and existing e-learning paradigms help reduce college costs?International Journal of Technology in Teaching and Learning, 8(1), 21-32.

Ruth, S., (2012) “Is There a Digital Divide? Check the Numbers.IEEE Internet Computing 16 (4) (July-August 2012).

Ruth S. (2012) “Nepal Wireless – The Power of Innovative Action.Global Studies Review, 7 (3), (Spring 2012).

Ruth, S., (2012) “The Import/Export Paradigm for High-Quality College Courses An Answer to Tuitions Through-the- Roof Cost Spiral?” IEEE Internet Computing 16 (2), (March-April 2012).

Ruth, Stephen, (2011) The Dark Side of Telecommuting – Is a Tipping Point Approaching? (July 7, 2011). GMU School of Public Policy Research Paper No. 2012-02. Available at SSRN: or doi:10.2139/ssrn.1880895

Ruth, S. “Reducing ICT-Related Carbon Emissions—An Exemplar For Global Energy Policy?IETE Technical Review 29 (3), (May-June, 2011): 201-211.

Ruth, S. “By the Numbers – A Researcher’s Bonanza of ICT Policy-Level Information.IEEE Internet Computing 15 (2), (March-April 2011): 76-80.

Ruth, S. “ICT Development Resources for Researchers-Is Free a Good Price to Pay?” Information Technology in Developing Countries 21 (1), (February 2011).

Ruth, S. “Bumps on the Road to the National Broadband Plan.” IEEE Internet Computing 14 (6), (November/December 2010): 76-80.

Ruth, S. “Is E Learning Really Working? The Trillion Dollar Question.” IEEE Internet Computing, 14 (2), (March/April 2010): 80-85.

Ruth, S. “Green IT More Than a Three Percent Solution?” IEEE Internet Computing, 13(4) (July August 2009): 80-84. Also appears in Understanding and Implementing Green IT, (IEEE, 2010).

Ruth, S. and R. Schware. “Pursuing Genuinely Successful e-Government Projects: Mission Impossible?” I-Ways-Journal of E-Government Policy and Regulation, 32 (2) (2009) Second Quarter, 93-98 (also appeared in Information Technology in Developing CountriesInternational Federation for Information Processing (IFIP), Volume 18 Number 3, October 2008.

Ruth, S. and Choudhury, I. “Telework: A Productivity Paradox?IEEE Internet Computing, 12 (6) (2008): 80-83.

Ruth, S., and J. Giri. “Defying the Odds: A Success Story from the Mountains of Nepal.” Information Technology in Developing Countries – International Federation for Information Processing (IFIP), 17, 4) (2007).

Ruth, S., and A. Pizzato. “Is the World Still Flat? An Update.” IEEE Internet Computing, 11,(5) (2007): 85-87.

Ruth, S., and J. Mercer. “Voting from Home or Office? Don’t Hold Your Breath.” IEEE Internet Computing, 11 (3) (2007): 84-87.

Ruth, S., and S. Doh. “Is E Government Ready for Prime Time?IEEE Internet Computing, 11,(1) (2007): 80-82.

Ruth, S. , M. Sammons, and L. Poulin. “E-Learning at the Crossroad-What Price Quality?Educause Quarterly, 30 (2) (2007): 33-39.

Sammons, M., and S. Ruth. “The Invisible Professor and the Future of Virtual Faculty.” International Journal of Teaching and Technology, 4,(1) (2007).

Gibbons, J. and S. Ruth “Municipal WiFi–Big Wave or Wipeout.” IEEE Internet Computing, 10(3) (2006): 52-57.

E. Bertino and S. Ruth “Policies and IT Technologies: A Puzzle of Two Pieces.” IEEE Internet Computing, 10(1) (January February 2006): 65-67.

Ruth, S. “E-Learning: A Financial and Strategic Perspective.” Educause Quarterly, 29(1) (2006): 22-30.

M. Norton and S. Ruth “Spectrum and its Influence on 3G and WiFi Architectures.” Annual Review of Communications 2005, Volume 57 (Chicago, IEC, 2006): 272-282.

Ruth S., S. Booppanon, T. Zhang, “Using Accessible Data Sources to Determine Telecom Diffusion Capabilities of Developing Nations: a MENA Perspective.” Annual Review of Communications 2004, Volume 57 (Chicago, IEC, 2004), pp 485-496.

S. Ruth, (2004). “Measuring the Yield of On-Line Telemedicine Training: Methods and Challenges”; invited paper for Europacs-MIR 2004 Scientific Conference Trieste, September 17th, 2004

S. Ruth, (2004). “Distance Learning at Universities: High Cost and Questionable Yield?”  NASPAA Annual Conference, Indianapolis, October 21, 2004.

Ruth S., S. Booppanon, T. Zhang, “Using Accessible Data Sources to Determine Telecom Diffusion Capabilities of Developing Nations: a MENA Perspective.” Annual Review of Communications 2004, Volume 57 (Chicago, IEC, 2004), pp 485-496.

S. Ruth, V . Frizzell and N. Shaw,(2003). “Knowledge Management Education: An Overview of Programs of Instruction” in Handbook on Knowledge Management: Editor:Clyde W. Holsapple (New York, Springer-Verlag, 2003) pp 581-603.

S. Ruth, J. Giri and  M. Li,(2002).”The Digital Divide in Africa” Africa e Mediteraneo, Winter 2002 v 41 p 17-20 (In Italian and English)

S. Ruth, (2002). “Virtual Learning: Between Imagination and Challenges“, TechKnowLogia, 4(2),2002, pp 37-42

S. Ruth and T Tschudy, (2002). “Virtual Teamwork In An Information-Driven Global Economy : Do The Same Rules Apply?” Journal of Systems Management and Organization 1(5) January/February 2002 pp 18-21 (In German); also appears in S. Radatz, editor, Evolutuonares Management (Vienna, Verlag, 2003)

S. Ruth and B. Choudhury,(2001). “Assessing the Yield of IT Projects in Developing Nations: Aggregated Models Are Not Sufficient”, Proceedings of the PICMET Conference, Portland, Oregon, July 2001 Available January 29, 2002

S. Ruth and J. Giri,(2001). “The Distance Learning Playing Field:  Do We Need Different Hashmarks?”, Technology Source, September October 2001Available at

P. Denning, R. Anthale, N. Dabbaugh, D. Menasce, J. Offut, M. Pullen S. Ruth and R. Sandu,(2001). “Designing an IT College” Joint Computer Congress, Copenhagen , July 20, 2001; also appears in D.M. Watson and J Anderson, Networking the learner: Computers in Education (Kluwer Academic Publishers, 2002)

S. Ruth and M.Shi,(2001). “Distance Learning in Developing Countries: Is Anyone Measuring Cost-Benefits”, TechKnowLogia, Volume 3, Issue 3, 2001, pp 35-38

S. Ruth, (2001). “Measuring Long Term Effects of Technology Transfer In Developing Nations: The Case of Internet Training at the Romanian Academy of ScienceInternational Technology for Development 10(1) 105-121 (January 2001)

J. Foreman, S. Ruth and T.Tschudy,(1999). “Exploring the Middle Ground: A Course on Teaming in Cyberspace”, Technology Source September- October 1999,

S. Ruth, J, Theobald and V. Frizzel, (1999).”A University-based Approach to the Diffusion of Knowledge Management Concepts and Practice”, Proceedings of the 1999 Association for Computing Machinery SIGCPR Conference, New Orleans April 8-10, 1999, pp   283-290, New York, ACM Press

S. Ruth, “Leveraging Information Technology—by the Numbers” Association of Government Accountants Journal, 47 (2) Summer 1998. pp. 26-1

S. Ruth and R. Bush, “Leveraging Decision-Making Tools in Capacity Building Planning :  the Indonesian Scientific Network ” Information Technology  for Development , 8 (1), Summer 1998, pp. 35-49

S. Ruth, “Let’s  Get Real About Technology-Based Learning: The Medium is NOT  the Message” Educom Bulletin,  32 (5), September-October 1997, pp. 32-41

S. Ruth, “Leveraging Information in Education: Better Models (and Maybe Fewer Computers) Needed” Vision (Microsoft in Higher Education) November, 1997

S. Ruth, “Managing to Manage Internet Connectivity Projects in Developing Nations: Three Frustrations”  On the Internet,  2(4), November -December 1996, pp. 22-29

S. Ruth and R. Bush, Using Today’s (and  Yesterday’s) Tools to Plan Tomorrow’s Networks: A Developing Nation’s Perspective” ,  Proceedings of the INET Seventh  International Conference, Kuala Lampur Malaysia,June 27-29, 1997 9 pp. (Proceedings are on CDROM)

S. Ruth, “Implementing an Internet Site In Africa: a Cost Assessment” Africa Communications, Summer 1996, pp 50-53

S. Ruth, “User-Centered Approaches to Assessing the Value of Information Technology Projects, Association of Government Accountants Journal, 45 (2) Summer 1996, pp 12-19

S. Ruth and R. Schware, “Will this Connectivity Project Succeed? An Approach to Assessing the Value of International Telecommunications Projects”,  Proceedings of the INET Sixth International Conference, Montreal, Canada, June 29, 1996
(Proceedings on  CDROM)

S. Ruth, M. Warkentin and C. Carlson, “A Low Cost, High Yield Decision Support System for Contract Termination Processing” Applied Computing Review, 3 (1), Summer 1995, pp. 27-30

S. Ruth, “Leveraging Information Technology: What Works and What Doesn’t”, Association of Government Accountants Journal, 44 (2) Summer 1995, pp 14-23

S. Ruth,  “Measuring and Comparing the Investment on Computer-mediated Empowerment: A Developing Nations Perspective”,  Proceedings of the INET Fifth International Conference, Honolulu, Hawaii, June 29, 1995, pp 707

S. Goodman, L. Press, S. Ruth and  A. Rutkowski, “The Global Diffusion of Internet:  Patterns and Problems”, Communications of the ACM , 17(8), August 1994, pp 27-31

S. Ruth, “Determining Predictor Variables for Successful Entry into Electronic Networking in Developing Nations” , Higher Education Policy, 6(4) Winter 1994, pp 39-42

S. Ruth and R. Gouet, “Must Invisible Colleges be Invisible? An Approach to Examining Large Communities of Network Users” , Electronic Networking Research and Practice, 3 (1), Spring 1993 pp 34-60

S. Ruth, “The Networking Revolution: A Cui Bono Perspective” Proceedings of the IEEE International Symposium on Technology and Society Washington, D.C., October 22-23, 1993 pp  6-9.

S. Ruth, “Decision Support Centers and Human Factors: A Return on Investment Perspective”, Proceedings of the Annual Meeting of the Human Factors and Ergonomics Society, Seattle Washington, October pp 11-15, 1993

S. Ruth, Predicting and Facilitating the Success of Developing Nations in the Use of International Networks: Insights and Proposals, Proceedings of INET 93, August 1993, The Internet Society, Reston, Virginia, pp GDD- 1

S. Ruth, “Using Powerful, Low Cost High Yield Academic Networks in Developing Nations : A Value Added Services Perspective” International Information Systems, 1(3), Summer 1992, pp 87‑99

S. Ruth and F. Utreras, “Developing Methodologies for Assuring the Primacy of User Concerns in Network Planning—A New Study of  Large population of Scientists in Chile”  Proceedings of INET International Networking Conference, Kobe, Japan June 1992 ;pp 1-9

S. Ruth and R.  Ronkin, “Aiming for the Elusive Payoff of User Networks: an NGO Perspective”, Proceedings of the 36th Annual Meeting of the International Society for the Systems Sciences, Denver CO July 12‑17, 1992, pp 357‑366

S. Ruth, M. Warkenton and A. Rafea, “Creating Expert Systems for Crop Production Management in Egypt” in C. Mann and S.  Ruth, editors, Expert Systems in Developing Countries: Practice and Promise, Boulder CO, Westview Press 1992 (Also appears, with permission, in Proceedings of World Congress on Expert Systems, Pergamon Press, 1991, pp 929‑936)

M. Warkentin, P.K. Nair, S. Ruth and K. Sprague, ” A Knowledge Based System for Planning and Design of Agroforestry Systems” Agroforestry Systems 11, 1990, pp 71‑83

S. Ruth, “Harnessing Shell‑Based Knowledge Engineering Environments: An Applications‑Based Perspective”, Proceedings of the Fourth United States Postal Service Advanced Technology Conference , November 6, 1990, pp 932‑940

S. Ruth,  F. Utreras and R. Brecsia, “The South American Network Within One Year : An Attainable, Low Cost, High Yield Reality”, Interciencia, 15 (5), September‑October 1990 pp 259‑264

S. Ruth, “PC’s and Work Stations” IEEE Spectrum 7 (1) February 1990, pp 24‑25

S. Ruth, “Organizations as Information Systems”, in J. Dienemann editor, Nursing Administration‑Strategic Perspectives and Application, Appleton and Lange, 1990, pp 299‑315

S. Ruth C. Carlson, M. Warkentin and J. Zamer, ” A Contract Termination Processing Model and System for Navy Supply Demand Review”, in Cost Analysis Applications of Economics and Operations Research, Springer Verlag, 1989, pp 34‑44.

E Gardner, M. Young, S. Ruth, , “Computer Acceptance and Output: A Retrospective View”, Behaviour and Information Technology, 8 (2), 1989, pp 89‑98

S. Ruth, E. Gardner and C. Carlson, “Planning for Computer Technology‑‑A New Approach to Long Range Planning for Information Systems in Knowledge‑Based Organizations” Journal of Information Systems Management, 6 (3), 1989, pp 24‑29

S. Ruth and C. Carlson, “Expert Systems in Stand Alone Applications”, Office: Technology and People, 4 (4), 1989, pp 299‑312

S. Ruth and C. Carlson, “Shell‑Based Expert Systems in Business: A Return on Investment Perspective”, Proceedings of the Ninth Annual International Conference on Information Systems (ICIS), Minneapols, MN, December 2, 1988, pp 346‑354

B. Render, E. Gardner and S. Ruth, “Job Stress and the VDT Clerical Worker” Human Systems Management, 7 (1988), pp 359‑ 365

S. Ruth, “Expert Systems in Development : Advances and Applications”Proceedings of the American Association for the Advancement of Science Annual Meeting, Boston, February 13, 1988 pp 387‑388

V. Elder, S. Ruth and E. Gardner, “Gender and Age in Technostress: Effects on White Collar Productivity”, Government Finance Review, 3 (6), December 1987, pp 17‑21.

S. Ruth and E. Gardner, “Examining Silent Majority: A Current Perspective on Predictive Variables Associated With Managerial and Clerical ADP Users” in Salvendy, al, editors, Human Computer Interaction: Social, Ergonomics and Stress Aspects of Work With Computers, Amsterdam, Elseiver, 1987, pp 311‑319

J.Ostrowski, S. Ruth and J. S. Kelly, “Telecommuting as an Alternative Employment Strategy in Public Organizations” International Journal of Policy and Information, June 1987, 11, (5), pp 77‑87

D. Knittle, S. Ruth and E. Gardner , “Establishing User‑Centered Criteria for Information Systems: A Software Ergonomics Perspective” Information and Management, 11 (4), 1987, pp 163‑172.

S. Ruth, “Technology-Sharing Organizations: An Approach to Small Problems of Development” in S. Ruth and C. Mann, editors, Microcomputers in Public Policy : Applications for Developing Countries, Boulder, Colorado, Westview Press, 1987 pp 149‑158

S. Ruth and E.  Gardner, “Integrating User Metrics into the MIS Planning Process”, Proceedings of the Annual Meeting of the Decision Sciences Institute, Boston, November 1987 pp 251‑254

S. Ruth, “Integrating Expert Systems into the University Curriculum” Proceedings of IMACS International Symposium on AI, Expert Systems and Languages in Modeling and Simulation, June 2 1987, Barcelona, Spain, pp 237‑242.

S. Ruth, “Knowledge Engineering in Shell‑Based Expert Systems”, Proceedings of the International Symposium on the Computer at the University, May 24, 1987, Dubrovnik, Yugoslavia, pp 8R‑ 05‑1 to 8R‑05‑8

S. Ruth and B. Render.”The Dilemma of Software Development in the Third World” in S. Ruth and C. Mann, editors, Microcomputers in Public Policy: A Developmental Perspective ; Boulder, Colorado, Westview Press 1987 pp 143‑148

S. Ruth,”Integrating Expert Systems into the Inventory Management Function” Proceedings of the Annual Meeting of the Council of Logistics Management, Atlanta, September 28, 1987, pp 71‑83

E. Gardner, S. Ruth and B. Render, “Examining the Problems of Computer‑Based Anxiety: A Systematic Approach”, Proceedings of the Annual ACM Software Conference, Saint Louis, February 1987, pp 323‑326

S. Ruth and R. Fader, “Microcomputers and the Humanities” (in Spanish), Pedagogia Universataria, 2 (1) 1985, pp 45‑54 (Argentina)

D. Guy, J. Hysom and S. Ruth,” The Effect of Subsidized Housing on the Values of Adjacent Housing” Journal of the American Real Estate and Urban Economics Association,  14 (4), Winter, 1985, pp 29‑32

L. Samuels, B. Render and S. Ruth “Computer Ethics and Crime: Three Perspectives,”  Business, Volume 36 (1) pp.30‑36

S. Ruth, B. Render and E. Gardner, “Human‑Oriented Implementation Cures Cyberphobia,” Data Management, November 1985, pp. 29‑32.

B. Render, S. Ruth and E. Gardner, “Selecting Computer Systems: The (Dangerous) Role of the Decision Analyst,” Journal of Business (Manhattan College), Fall 1985, pp. 11‑16.

B. Hodgson and S. Ruth, “The Use of Menus in the Design of On‑Line Systems: A Retrospective View”, SIGCHI Bulletin, 17 (4) July 1985, pp.  16‑22.

J. Hysom and S. Ruth, “A Nationwide Assessment of Local Government Planning Information Systems,” in Computers in Urban Systems,  9 (2) (1984), pp. 117‑126.

S. Ruth, “Cybernetics and Problem Solving:  An Application‑Specific Perspective” in Proceedings of the Society for General Systems Research International Conference, Amsterdam, Intersystems, 1984, pp 107‑110.

S. Ruth, “Appropriate Technology in the Planning of Management Information Systems,” International Journal of Policy and Information,  8  (1) June 1984, pp. 25‑32.

S. Ruth,”The Computer Age‑‑Renaissance or Revolt?”, in George Mason University Faculty Lecture Series, (GMU Press, 1984), pp. 149‑166.

S. Ruth, “Too Much System‑‑A New Problem,” Journal of Systems Management, October 1983,34 (10) pp 17‑22.

S. Ruth,”Medical‑Related Information Systems:  A Decision Support System Perspective,” in MEDINFO, Pergamon Press, 1983, pp. 481‑485.

S. Ruth,”Cybernetics in the Marketplace:  A Practical View,” Proceedings of the International Cybernetics Symposium, Namur, Belgium, August 1983, pp 210‑214

S. Ruth,”Systems for Characterizing Systems:  Computer Software as a Focus for the Examination of System Dynamics,” in System Research and Cybernetics, Volume 2, London, Pergamon Press, 1982, pp. 882‑885.

S. Ruth and W. Brooks, “MBO in Systems Management‑‑Who’s Really Using It?” Journal of Systems Management, 33 (3) March 1982.

S. Ruth, “The EDP Manager of the Future:  Only Generalists Need Apply,” Journal of Systems Management, 32 (6), June 1981, pp. 26‑29.

S. Ruth, “Appropriate Technology in the Planning of Management Information Systems:  User‑Friendly Designs as a Paradigm for the Selection Process,”  Proceedings of the American Institute of Decision Sciences, Boston, November 20, 1981. pp 482‑484

S. Ruth and J. Hysom, “The Effect of Subsidized Housing on Contiguous Property Values:  A Paradigm for the Use of Management Science Techniques in the Evaluation of Public Policy Issues,” Proceedings of Annual Meeting of the American Institute of Decision Sciences, Boston, November 20, 1981.  pp 412‑414

S. Ruth, “Personnel and EDP in the 80’s‑‑Serious Questions,” MSU Business Topics, August 1980.

S. Ruth, “Administrative vs. Technical Variables in MIS Design Strategies:  A Perspective for Systems Analysis,” Proceedings of the Annual Meeting of the American Institute of Decision Sciences, November 7, 1980, Las Vegas, Nevada.

S. Ruth, “The Potential Benefits of Non‑Traditional Decision Alternatives,” Defense Management Journal, June/July 1980,
pp. 42‑47.

S. Ruth, “MBO and EDP Management,” chapter in Rullo, T. editor, Advances in EDP Management (Hayden, New York, 1980), pp. 150‑ 162.

S. Ruth, “Is Your Data Center 10 Percent Overweight?” Computer Decisions, February 1980.

S. Ruth, “Succeeding With Very Large Systems Projects:  Brief Insights for Big Savings,” Data Management, 17 (10) October 1979.

S. Ruth, “MBO and EDP:  Eventually, Why Not Now?” Journal of Systems Management, 28 (8) August 1979.

R. J. House and S. Ruth, “Logistics,” section in the Encyclopedia of Computing and Technology, Volume 6 (Hayden, New York, 1978) pp.  116‑139.

S. Ruth, “The Pareto Paradox:  A New Perspective for Examining Complex Logistic Alternatives,” Proceedings of the Society of Logistics Engineers 14th International Logistics Symposium, August 1979, p 274‑280

Business Cases Prepared for Sponsored Grants

With J. M. Alvarez, Osborne and Larios: Considering a Merger During Times of Tense Competitiveness in World Markets, Business Case prepared under a Department of Education grant, managed by School of Business Administration, George Mason University,  September 1993 53 pp

With J. Jirasek, After Privatization‑‑A Buyout: Avia Seeks New Markets Outside Czechoslovakia After the Velvet Revolution Business Case prepared as part of Department of Education grant managed by School of Business Administration, George Mason University, July 1992  42 pp

TACT Inc., Trying to Climb the Technology Mountain, Funds for Excellence Grant from the Virginia State Council of Higher Education, managed by School of Business Administration, George Mason University, June 1991 28 pp

Software A&E, Seeking a Market for Reusable Software, Funds for Excellence Grant from the Virginia State Council of Higher Education, managed by School of Business Administration, George Mason University, April 1991 40 pp

Other Publications

S. Ruth,  “Networking in Turkey”, Internet Society News, Fall 1993, 2 (3) pp  11-12

S. Ruth, “Networking in Pakistan”, Internet Society News, Summer 1993, 2 (2), pp 10-11

S. Ruth, “Leveraging Value Added Services” Internet Society News 1(1), Spring 1992, pp 18‑19

S. Ruth and F. Utreras, Assessing User Characteristics Internet Society News 1(2), Summer 1992, pp 24‑25

R. Gouet, S. Ruth and F. Utreras, National University Network: Analysis of Coverage and Usage, Report to the American Association for the Advancement of Science, 1992

S. Ruth, “New Economics of Networking : A Developmental Perspective” Proceedings of INTEROP 92, Washington, DC, May 18-22, 1992

S. Ruth, R. Gouet and F. Utreras, National University Network: Analysis of Network Usage, Report Submitted to the American Association for the Advancement of Science, 1992

M. Warkentin and S. Ruth, “Expert System Shell Use: Preliminary Findings of a Major Study”, Proceedings of Northeast Decision Sciences Institute Annual Meeting, Cambridge MA , April 1992

C. Carlson, J. Zammer  M. Warkentin, S. Ruth, “A Micro‑Based Decision Support System (DSS) for Contract Termination Processing” , Proceedings of Northeast Decision Sciences Institute Annual Meeting, Boston, March 30, 1989.

S. Ruth, “Personal Computers: a Return on Investment Perspective” IEEE Video Seminar The Interdisciplinary World of Computing, broadcast October 3, 1988, from Indianapolis, Indiana, Public TV Studio and beamed to over 130 university, government and industrial subscriber stations in US and abroad

L. Burchinal and S. Ruth ” Khartoum Conference Shows Great Interest in CD ROM in Africa”, CD Data Report, 6 (5),March 1990, pp 19‑22

S. Ruth, “Knowledge‑Based Systems Development: A Longitudinal Perspective”, Proceedings of ORSA/TIMS Symposium OR and AI: Essentials to Productivity Enhancement Washington DC October 5, 1988

S. Ruth “Expert Systems in the University: A Shell Game” Interface,(Mitchell Publishing) 9 (4), 1987, pp 42‑48

“How Expert Are Expert Systems?” Washington Technology, (2) 4, May 14, 1987 p. 14.

S. Ruth and A. Winkler, “Software Ergonomics: A New Hot Button in Business Data Processing,” Government Computer News, February 1985, pp. 68‑69.

S. Ruth, “The Dark Side of Computing,” Business Times, Houghton‑Mifflin, December 1984, p 19.

S. Ruth “A New Breed of Luddites?”, Editorial, Richmond Ledger Dispatch, January 17, 1982.

S. Ruth, “Fairness and Federal Pay,” Essay, The Washington Star, December 16, 1980, p 35

S. Ruth, “Two Cheers for the Computer Revolution,” Essay, The Washington Star, June 21, 1980, p 25.